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How to Set Up Tellor as your Oracle

soliditysmart contractsoracles
Beginner
✍️Tellor
📚Tellor Docs
📆29 de junio de 2021
⏱️2 minuto leído

Pop Quiz: Your protocol is just about finished, but it needs an oracle to get access to off chain data...What do you do?

(Soft) Prerequisites

This post aims to make accessing an oracle feed as simple and straightforward as possible. That said, we're assuming the following about your coding skill-level to focus on the oracle aspect.

Assumptions:

  • you can navigate a terminal
  • you have npm installed
  • you know how to use npm to manage dependencies

Tellor is a live and open-sourced oracle ready for implementation. This beginner's guide is here to showcase the ease with which one can get up and running with Tellor, providing your project with a fully decentralized and censorship-resistant oracle.

Overview

Tellor is an oracle system where parties can request the value of an offchain data point (e.g. BTC/USD) and reporters compete to add this value to an onchain data-bank, accessible by all Ethereum smart contracts. The inputs to this data-bank are secured by a network of staked reporters. Tellor utilizes crypto-economic incentive mechanisms, rewarding honest data submissions by reporters and punishing bad actors through the issuance of Tellor’s token, Tributes (TRB), and a dispute mechanism.

In this tutorial we'll go over:

  • Setting up the initial toolkit you'll need to get up and running.
  • Walk through a simple example.
  • List out testnet addresses of networks you currently can test Tellor on.

UsingTellor

The first thing you'll want to do is install the basic tools necessary for using Tellor as your oracle. Use this package to install the Tellor User Contracts:

npm install usingtellor

Once installed this will allow your contracts to inherit the functions from the contract 'UsingTellor'.

Great! Now that you've got the tools ready, let's go through a simple exercise where we retrieve the bitcoin price:

BTC/USD Example

Inherit the UsingTellor contract, passing the Tellor address as a constructor argument:

Here's an example:

1import "usingtellor/contracts/UsingTellor.sol";
2
3contract PriceContract is UsingTellor {
4 uint256 public btcPrice;
5
6 //This Contract now has access to all functions in UsingTellor
7
8constructor(address payable _tellorAddress) UsingTellor(_tellorAddress) public {}
9
10function setBtcPrice() public {
11 bytes memory _b = abi.encode("SpotPrice",abi.encode("btc","usd"));
12 bytes32 _queryID = keccak256(_b);
13
14 uint256 _timestamp;
15 bytes _value;
16
17 (_value, _timestamp) = getDataBefore(_queryId, block.timestamp - 15 minutes);
18
19 btcPrice = abi.decode(_value,(uint256));
20 }
21}
22
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For a complete list of contract addresses refer here.

For ease of use, the UsingTellor repo comes with a version of the Tellor Playground contract for easier integration. See here for a list of helpful functions.

For a more robust implementation of the Tellor oracle, check out the full list of available functions here.

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