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Ethereum development documentation

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This documentation is designed to help you build with Ethereum. It covers Ethereum as a concept, explains the Ethereum tech stack, and documents advanced topics for more complex applications and use cases.

This is an open-source community effort, so feel free to suggest new topics, add new content, and provide examples wherever you think it might be helpful. All documentation can be edited via GitHub – if you're unsure how, follow these instructions.

Development modules

If this is your first attempt at Ethereum development, we recommend starting at the beginning and working your way through like a book.

Foundational topics

  • Intro to Ethereum – A quick overview of Ethereum
  • Intro to Ether – A quick overview of Ether
  • Intro to dapps – An introduction to decentralized applications
  • Web2 vs Web3 – The fundamental differences that blockchain-based applications provide
  • Accounts – Entities in the network that can hold a balance and send transactions
  • Transactions – Transfers and other actions that cause Ethereum's state to change
  • Blocks – The way transactions are batched to ensure state is synchronised across all actors
  • Ethereum virtual machine (EVM) – The EVM handles all the computation on the Ethereum network
  • Gas – Computational power required to process transactions, paid for in ETH by transaction senders
  • Nodes and clients – The individuals participating in the network and the software they run to verify transactions
  • Networks – Implementations of Ethereum including test networks
  • Consensus mechanisms – How the individual nodes of a distributed network agree on the current state of the system

Ethereum stack


  • Standards – Agreed upon protocols for maintaining efficiency and accessibility of projects to the community
  • Miner extractable value (MEV) – How value is extracted from the Ethereum blockchain beyond the block reward
  • Oracles – How information is injected into the Ethereum blockchain
  • Scaling – Methods for preserving decentralization and security as Ethereum grows

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